12th International Congress on Early Onset Scoliosis (ICEOS)
November 15-16, 2018


Pre-Conference Course Registration and Lunch*

*The course must be paid for separately from general ICEOS registration.


Pre-Conference Session 1

Moderator: Carol Hasler


Introduction (Michael Vitale)


Clinical Decision Making in EOS (Lindsay Andras)


Technique Session 1: Rib Hooks (Video) (David Skaggs)


Debate 1: MCGR vs TGR (Case Based) (David Farrington/James Sanders)


Technique Session 2: Pelvic Fixation Options in EOS (Video) (John Smith)


Technique Session 3: MCGR (Video) (Laurel Blakemore)






Pre-Conference Session 2

Moderator: Laurel Blakemore


Debate 2: Early Fusion Vs Growth Friendly in the “In Between Stage” (John Flynn/Michael Glotzbecker)


Technique Session 4: Shilla (Video) (Scott Luhmann)


Technique Session 5: AVBT: If, When, and How (Video) (Amer Samdani)




Now What Would You Do? Revisit Cases


Exotic and Severe Scoliosis (Panel Discussion; Cases and Cocktails)

(Rene Castelein, Ilkka Helenius, Ron El-Hawary)

Selected Cases:

Complete Loss of Motor Sensory with Motor Deficits with Instrumentation and Fusion of Severe Juvenile Scoliosis
Vishal Sarwahi, Jesse Galina, Stephen Wendolowski, Terry Amaral 

Staged Posterior Surgery in Severe and Rigid Scoliotic Curves without Anterior Release in a Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) Type II Patient
Ting-Kuo Chang, Lei-Po Chen, Yueh-Ching Liu

A hybrid technique of posterior osteotomy with short segmental fusion and dual growing rod technique for severe rigid congenital scoliosis
Jianguo Zhang, Shengru Wang

6:30 PM

Welcome Reception

All Are Welcome to Attend – No Pre-Conference Registration Necessary

7:30 – 7:35

Welcome & Course Overview


7:35 – 9:30

Session 1: The Debates

Moderators: David Farrington, George Thompson


Cast (Ying Li) vs Brace (Michael Glotzbecker)



SAI/Pelvic Screws (Paul Sponseller) vs S Hooks (Michael Vitale)



Guided Growth (Scott Luhmann) vs Distraction (Colin Nnadi)



Spine (Peter Newton) vs Rib Anchors (David Skaggs)



Standard (Burt Yaszay) vs Offset MCGR Orientation (A. Noelle Larson)



Drive Growth (Charles Johnston) vs Match It (Kenneth Cheung)



Ponte (Brandon Ramo) vs VCR for Severe EOS (Patrick Cahill)



9 Y.O. Tether (Stefan Parent) vs Early Fusion (Muharrem Yazici)


10:00 – 11:45

Session 2: Free Papers: EOS Care in 2018: Past, Present and Future Considerations

Moderators: Rene Castelein, John Flynn


Free Paper #1: Current Use in Growth-Friendly Implants: A Ten-Year Update
Walter Klyce, Stuart Mitchell, Jeff Pawelek, David Skaggs, James Sanders, Suken Shah, Richard McCarthy, Scott Luhman, Peter Sturm, Behrooz Akbarnia, Paul Sponseller, Growing Spine Study Group



Free Paper #2: Expert Consensus for Early Onset Scoliosis Surgery 2018
Jason Anari, Patrick Cahill, Divya Talwar, John Flynn



Free Paper #3: Consensus-Based Best Practice Guidelines (BPG) for Use of Preoperative Halo Gravity Traction (HGT) for Pediatric Spinal Deformity
Sravisht Iyer, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Rufai Mahmud, Irene Wulff, Henry Ofori Duah, Henry Osei Tutu, Kwadwo Poku Yankey, FOCOS Spine Research Group



Free Paper #4: The Use of Halo Gravity Traction in the Treatment of Severe Early Onset Scoliosis
Benjamin Roye, Megan Campbell, Hiroko Matsumoto, Joshua Pahys, Michelle Welborn, Jeffrey Sawyer, Nicholas Fletcher, Amy McIntosh, Peter F. Sturm, Jaime A. Gomez, Laurence Lenke, Michael Vitale, Children’s Spine Study Group



Free Paper #5: The Role of Halo Gravity Traction Prior to MCGR, When Does Correction Occur?
Michelle Welborn, Daniel Bouton, Joseph Ivan Krajbich



Free Paper #6: Sagittal Balance in Hyperkyphotic Patients with Growing Rods and the Effect of Preoperative Halo Gravity Traction
Cynthia Nguyen, Henry Ofori Duah, Mabel Owiredu, Osei-Tutu Henry, Kwadwo Yankey, Harry Akoto, Irene Wulff, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei



Free Paper #7: Preop Halo Gravity Traction (HGT) Associated with Decreased Implant Complications in MCGR
Michelle Welborn, Daniel Bouton, Joseph Ivan Krajbich



Free Paper #8: Optimization of Casting in Infantile Scoliosis
Peter Stasikelis, Graham Fedorak, Ashley Carpenter, Alexandra Nielson, Jacques D’Astous



Free Paper #9: Shorter Anesthesia Time and Improved Initial Curve Correction with an Alternative Risser Casting Technique
Anthony Catanzano, Lori Catanzano, Robert Fitch, Robert Lark



Free Paper #10: Does Mehta Casting Work in Patients with Infantile Onset Scoliosis and Intrathecal Abnormalities?
Surya Mundluru, Dong-Phuong Tran, Charles Johnston, Daniel Sucato, Amy McIntosh, Lori Karol, Brandon Ramo



Free Paper #11: Clinical and Radiologic Outcomes of Posterior Only Hemivertebra Resection and Short Segment Fusion with Pedicle Screw Fixation in Children Younger than 5 Years: Minimum 10 Years Follow-up
Yunus Emre Akman, Isik Karalok, Emel Kaya, Cem Sever, Yesim Erol, Tunay Sanli, Sinan Kahraman, Meric Enercan, Azmi Hamzaoglu



Free Paper #12: Avoid Maximal Correction in Lower Lumbar Hemivertebra Resection – Taking Sacrum Morphology into Consideration
Yanbin Zhang, Jianguo Zhang



Free Paper #13: Comparison of Growth-friendly Surgery with Rib-based Device Between Congenital Scoliosis and Non-congenital Scoliosis: Five-Year Follow-Up Study
Noriaki Kawakami, Toshiki Saito, Ryoji Tauchi, Kazuki Kawakami, Hiroko Matsumoto, Tetsuya Ohara



Free Paper #14: Neural Axis Abnormalities in Early Onset Scoliosis Patients Can Be Detected With Limited MRI Sequences
Rajan Murgai, Benita Tamrazi, Ken Illingworth, David Skaggs, Lindsay Andras



Free Paper #15: The Safety and Efficacy of Intrathecal Morphine in Early Onset Scoliosis Surgery – A 25 Year Single Center Experience
Connie Poe-Kochert, Christina Hardesty, Jochen Son-Hing, Paul Tripi, Jason Ina, George Thompson


Free Paper #16: Can You Stall a Baclofen Pump During a Magnetic Rod Lengthening?
Christina Hardesty, Michelle Janas


Session 3: Mini-Symposium: Skeletal Dysplasia: Medical Treatment, Musculoskeletal
Management and Mistakes Not to Make

Moderators: Michael Ruf, Amy McIntosh


Achondroplasia (Paul Sponseller)



Diastrophic Dysplasia (Vern Tolo)



Syndromic Cervical Spine (Rich Anderson)



Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia (Vern Tolo)


Metatropic Dysplasia (Ilkka Helenius)



Campomelic Dysplasia (Matthew Oetgen)



Session 4: Free Papers: What We Have Learned About Magnetically Lengthening Growing Rod

Moderators: Ying Li, Ken Cheung


Free Paper #17: Contouring the Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod Impacts Its Expansion Capacity
Saba Pasha, John Flynn



Free Paper #18: Targeted Distraction: Spinal Growth in Children with Early Onset Scoliosis Treated with a Tail-Gating Technique for Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods
David Kieser, Mihai Mardare, Chrishan Thakar, Shahnawaz Haleem, Thejasvi Subramanian, Adil Ahmad, James Wilson-MacDonald, Colin Nnadi



Free Paper #19: Differential Lengthening of MCGR Does Not Improve Coronal Decompensation
Nazareth Alexander, Pooria Hosseini, David Skaggs, Behrooz Akbarnia, Charles Johnston, Suken A. Shah, John Emans, Gregory Mundis, Burt Yaszay, Peter Sturm, Lindsay Andras, Growing Spine Study Group



Free Paper #20: Comparative Outcomes of Monthly Versus Three-Monthly Distraction Protocols for Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods
Cora Bow, Marcus Lastikka, Karen Yiu, Kenny Kwan, Ilkka Helenius, Kenneth MC Cheung, Jason Pui Yin Cheung



Free Paper #21: Diminishing Returns of Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod Lengthenings Over Time
Stephanie Ihnow, Viral Jain, Sarah Gilday, William McKinnon, Peter F. Sturm



Free Paper #22: 18% of EOS patients Treated with MCGR have Minimal Lengthening Episodes Resulting in < 1mm of Distraction
Ali Siddiqui, Alexander Nazareth, Lindsay Andras, Purnendu Gupta, Michael Vitale, John Smith, David Skaggs


Free Paper #23: Optimization of a MCGR US-Guided Lengthening Clinic
Judson Karlen, Monique Riemann



Free Paper #24: Changes of Vertebral and Disk Morphology Following Treatment with MCGR
Ralf Stuecker, Philip Kunkel, Christian Hagemann, Kiril Mladenov, Sebastian Stuecker



Free Paper #25: Analysis of Surgeon Decisions to Discontinue a Lengthening Program in Early Onset Scoliosis
Robert Murphy, Joshua Pahys, Sumeet Garg, William Barfield, Tricia St. Hilaire, John Emans, Amer Samdani, John Smith, Jeffrey Sawyer


Ask the Faculty Case Discussions


New Techniques (David Skaggs)
Sublaminar Band Fixation Provides Excellent Anchors for MAGEC Rod Distraction Systems
Samuel Rosenfeld
Posterior-Based Spinal Tether in Combination With Guided-Growth Principles: A Novel Approach in Severe Early Onset Scoliosis
Vishal Sarwahi, Stephen Wendolowski, Jesse Galina, Terry Amaral
First clinical results of a dynamic growth friendly technique based on a spring distraction system (SDS) for early onset scoliosis
Sebastiaan Wijdicks, Justin Lemans, René Castelein, Moyo Kruyt
Minimally Invasive Posterior Spine Tethering in Skeletally Immature Patients with Scoliosis Can Save Levels While Maintaining Lumbar Flexibility and Preventing Curve Progression
Vishal Sarwahi, Stephen Wendolowski, Jesse Galina, Terry Amaral



Syndromes (John Smith)
Harlequin Syndrome in Scoliosis Surgery
Michael Ruf, Ute Heiler, Michael Fetter, Tobias Pitzen
Infant with Severe Cerebrocostomandibular (CCM) Syndrome Treated Successfully with VEPTR
Judson Karlen
The Treatment of Cleidocranial Dysostosis, Accompanied by Spinal Deformities: Two Case Reports
Mehmet Bulent Balioglu, Deniz Kargin, Akif Albayrak, Yunus Atici



Dysplasias (Patrick Cahill)
Paediatric Cervical Sagittal Imbalance 6 Case Series Review
Andreia Nunes, João Campagnolo, Patrícia Rodrigues, Pedro Jordão, Jorge Mineiro
Scoliosis Associated with Arnold Chiari Malformation: A Case Report
Jayprakash Modi, Hriday Acharya, Harshil Patel


7:00 – 7:30

Coffee / Exhibit Viewing

7:30 – 8:30

Company Supported Non-CME Workshops

Globus Medical Forum

Room: Springfield 1 and 2

REFLECT Anterior Scoliosis Correction

Randal R. Betz, MD


DePuy Synthes Forum

Room: Nashville

Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Principles of Management and Complication Prevention

Burt Yaszay, MD, Michael Glotzbecker, MD and Peter Sturm, MD, MBA



Session 5: The Chest

Moderators: Federico Canavese, John Smith

8:30- 8:40

Pulmonary Function in EOS: Where We Have Failed (James Sanders)


Pulmonary Function in EOS: Where We Have Succeeded (Greg Redding)




When is it Time to do Surgery From a Pulmonologist’s Perspective (Greg Redding)


Pectus Deformities 101: When and How They Matter (Lindsay Andras)




Session 6:  Free Papers

Moderator: Paul Sponseller, Lindsay Andras


Free Paper #26

Pre-Operative Lung Function in Children with EOS
Vivana Bompadre, John Waldhausen, Klane White, Gregory Redding, Walter Krengel III


Free Paper #27

Do We Have a Practical Method for Monitorization of Pulmonary Functions in Non-Ambulatory Patients with Neuromuscular Disease?
Muharrem Yazici, Gokhan Ayik, Ebru Yalcin, Ebru Kutukcu, Şenol Bekmez, Deniz İnal İnce


Free Paper #28

Thoracic Spinal Deformities Affected Cardiopulmonary Function in Patients with Scoliosis
Xingye Li, Haining Tan, Tianhua Rong, Zheng Li, Chong Chen, Jianxiong Shen, Youxi Lin




Free Paper #29
Correlation of Pulmonary Function to a Novel Radiographic Parameter of Collapsing Parasol Deformity in Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Mitchell Johnson, Suzanne Ho, Didja Hilmara, Nirupa Galagedera, Robert Campbell, Patrick Cahill


Free Paper #30

Pulmonary Function Relative to Stature: Effect of Scoliosis and Treatment in SMA
Patricia Miller, Michael Troy, Robert Graham, Brian Snyder


Free Paper #31
Are Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods a Good Option for Collapsing Spine Deformity in Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type-2 Associated Early Onset Scoliosis?
Z. Deniz Olgun, H. Gokhan Demirkiran, Muharrem Yazici, Alper Yataganbaba, Senol Bekmez




Free Paper #32
Comparison of Cardiopulmonary Function in Patients with Congenital Scoliosis and Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
Zheng Li, Youxi Lin, Jianxiong Shen, Chong Chen, Haining Tan, Xingye Li, Tianhua Rong


Free Paper #33

Improvement of Function Outcome Using 6-minute walk in Patients with Congenital Scoliosis Treated by Growth Friendly Surgery; Five Years Follow-up Study
Hiroko Matsumoto, Noriaki Kawakami, Toshiki Saito, Ryoji Tauchi, Tetsuya Ohara, Gregory Redding


Free Paper #34
Relationship Between Subjective Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) Outcomes and Objective Pulmonary Function Testing
Hiroko Matsumoto, David P. Roye, Greg Redding, Gerard Marciano, June Ha, Klane White, Children's Spine Study Group, Growing Spine Study Group




Refreshment Break & Exhibit Viewing


Session 7: How do we Optimize Comprehensive Care in EOS?

Moderators: Peter Newton, Michael Vitale


Effects of Anesthesia and Pain Management on the Very Young: 2018 Update (Lydia Andras)


Evaluating Height and Growth (Ron El-Hawary)


Nutritional Status: Management of the Fluffy (Amy McIntosh)


Nutritional Status: Management of the Emaciated (John Flynn)




Quality of Life: EOSQ, Other Indicators (Ying Li)


Is There a Role for Using EOS Technology Beyond Skeletal Maturity (Laurel Blakemore)


Cost/Value of Treating Rare Conditions and How Treatment Compares to Other Aspects of Care (Stephen Ondra)




Session 8:  Free Papers

Moderators: A. Noelle Larson, Carol Hasler


Free Paper #35

Does Serial Casting Under General Anesthesia for Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis Affect Childhood Behavior? A Prospective Investigation in Response to the New FDA Warning
Jason Anari, Peter F. Sturm, Joshua Pahys, Robert Murphy, John Flynn, Children's Spine Study Group, Patrick Cahill, Alexander Adams, Sumeet Garg


Free Paper #36

Comparison of Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis Treated with Serial Casting vs Traditional Growing Rods
Ying Li, Michelle Burke, Christopher Robbins, Burt Yaszay, Behrooz Akbarnia, Lindsay Andras, Matthew Oetgen, Growing Spine Study Group


Free Paper #37

Surgical and Health Related Quality of Life Outcomes of Growing Rod Graduates for Severe versus Moderate Early-Onset Scoliosis
Ilkka Helenius, Paul Sponseller, Anna McClung, Jeff Pawelek, Muharrem Yazici, John Emans, George Thompson, Charles Johnston, Suken Shah, Behrooz Akbarnia


Free Paper #38
Growing-Rod Treatment Improves Nutritional Condition of Patients with Early-Onset Scoliosis
Xingye Li, Jianxiong Shen




Free Paper #39

Elevated Serum Titanium Levels in Children with Early Onset Scoliosis Treated with VEPTR and Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods
Christopher Robbins, Chelsea Graham, Frances A. Farley, Ying Li


Free Paper #40

Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods: Sagittal Plane Analysis and the Risk of Proximal Junctional Kyphosis
Kim Hammerberg, Purnendu Gupta, Ron El-Hawary, Kevin Morash, Felix Brassard, Alicia January, Ben Roye, Jeffery Sawyer, Children's Spine Study Group, Jennifer Schottler


Free Paper #41

Comparing Risk of Unplanned Returned to the Operating Room (UPROR): Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod (MCGR) System vs Prosthetic Rib Constructs (PRC)
Michael Vitale, David P Roye, Eduardo Beauchamp, Megan Campbell, Chun Wai Hung, Hiroko Matsumoto, Benjamin Roye


Free Paper #42

Radiographic Outcome and Complication Rate of 34 Graduates after Treatment with Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib (VEPTR®): a Single Centre Report
Daniel Studer, Carol Hasler, Philippe Büchler




Robert M. Campbell, Jr. Award for Innovation in Early Onset Scoliosis

Presented by Behrooz Akbarnia




Keynote: Decisions, Decisions...

Peter Newton, MD, SRS President 2018-2019


Session 9: Free Papers

Moderators: Colin Nnadi, Matthew Oetgen


Free Paper #43
Single Fusion (PSF) Vs Growth Friendly (GF) Device in Older EOS Patients
Ryan Xin, Tara Flynn, Regina Hanstein, Michael Vitale, Yungtai Lo, Tricia St. Hilaire, Ron El-Hawary, Sumeet Garg, Patrick Cahill, Jaime Gomez, Gregory Redding, Klane White


Free Paper #44
20 year Experience with Segmental Sublaminar Instrumentation for Guided Growth in Early Onset Scoliosis
Samuel Rosenfeld


Free Paper #45

Modern Luque Trolley Construct for the Management of Early-Onset Scoliosis: The First Ten Patients with a New Gliding Implant with Two-year Follow Up
Ahmed Aoude, Ron El-Hawary, Andrew Tice, Jean Ouellet




Free Paper #46

New Self Growing Rod: Preliminary Results on a Series of 18 Neuromuscular Scoliosis
Nejib Khouri, Rabih Hajj, Lotfi Miladi, Christophe Glorion


Free Paper #47

Spring Distraction System for Early Onset Scoliosis Provides Continuous Distraction without a Potential Increase in Rod Fractures, Compared to Traditional Growing Rods
Aakash Agarwal, Manoj Kodigudla, Vijay Goel, Justin Lemans, Amey Kelkar, Moyo Kruyt


Free Paper #48  MOVED TO THURSDAY 10:20AM

A Prospective, Multicenter Analysis of the Efficacy of Anterior Vertebral Body Tethering (AVBT) in the Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis
Firoz Miyanji, Jeff Pawelek, Luigi Nasto, Stefan Parent




Free Paper #49

Spine Pathology in Mucopolysaccharidoses
Marco Crostelli, Iorio Carlo, Dario Mascello, Massimo Mariani, Osvaldo Mazza


Free Paper #50

Outcomes of 3-Column Osteotomy in Cervicothoracic Spine (C7/T1) for Congenital Cervicothoracic Scoliokyphosis in Children
Shengru Wang, Jianguo Zhang


Free Paper #51

Congenital Scoliosis of the Pediatric Cervical Spine
Amer Samdani, Steven Hwang, Joshua Pahys, Brandon Toll




Refreshment Break & Exhibit Viewing


Session 10: The Bandwagon I Jumped On and then Off…

Moderators: Charles Johnston, Brandon Ramo


Amer Samdani


Carol Hasler




Rich Anderson


David Farrington




Presentation of Behrooz A. Akbarnia Award for Best Research Paper


Session 11: The Art of Cervical Spine Deformity Treatment

Moderators: Burt Yaszay, Rich Anderson


Understanding the Biomechanics of Craniocervical Junction and When Do I Intervene (Douglas Brockmeyer)


Options for Fixation in the Very Small (Douglas Brockmeyer)


Tip and Tricks: Positioning, Imaging and Navigation (Matthew Oetgen)




Coronal Cervical Deformity – Is There a Role for Osteotomies (Michael Ruf)


Cervical Kyphosis – When Do I Need to Go to the Front (Rich Anderson)


Sprengel’s Deformity – Treatment Options (Ilkka Helenius)




Wrap Up: Highlights and Preview for 2019

John Smith

P01 The Role of Traditional Growing Rods in the Era of Magnetically-Controlled Growing Rods for the Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis
Eric Varley, Burt Yaszay, Jeff Pawelek, Gregory  Mundis, Matthew Oetgen, Peter F. Sturm, Behrooz Akbarnia, Growing Spine Study Group

P02 Pelvic Screw Fixation Maintains Lumbar Lordosis in Growing Rod Constructs Better Than S Hooks
Rajan  Murgai, Mathew Schur, Lindsay Andras, Nicholas Gonsalves, Paul Sponseller, John Emans, Michael Vitale, David Skaggs, Growing Spine Study Group, Children's Spine Study Group

P03 Proof Of Concept (POC) Validation of a Self Actuated Natural Growth Driven Growing Rod Technology for EOS
Aditya Ingalhalikar, PhD, Sajan Hegde, MS, Dilip Sengupta, MD, PhD, Manali Kunte, BE, Sagar Sathaye, MS, Suken A. Shah, MD

P04 Repeated lengthening of rib to pelvis distraction devices in Neuromuscular Early Onset Scoliosis patients shows limited spinal alignment correction
Norman Ramirez, Gerardo Olivella, Omar Rodriguez, Pablo Marrero, John Smith, Sumeet Garg, Michael Vitale, Randal R. Betz, Children's Spine Study Group

P05 Mid-term results of a single magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) with contralateral gliding system and apical control for early onset scoliosis
Sebastiaan Wijdicks, Simon  Skov, René Castelein, Haisheng Li, Moyo Kruyt, Cody Bünger

P06 Correlation of Collagen X Biomarker (CXM) with Peak Height Velocity and Radiographic Measures of Growth in Idiopathic Scoliosis
Michelle Welborn, Ryan Coghlan, Susan Sienko Thomas, William Horton

P07 Correlation between surgical site infection(SSI) and Classification of early onset scoliosis(C-EOS) in patients managed by rib-based distraction instrumentation (VEPTR)
Mahmoud A. H. Mahmoud, Patrick J. Cahill, Aaron Tatad, Robert M. Campbell, John M. Flynn

P08 Posterior-Based Tether (PBT) Growth Guidance Allows for Modular Scoliosis Correction in EOS: A Preliminary Report
Vishal Sarwahi, Jesse Galina, Stephen Wendolowski, Terry Amaral

P09 Can Distraction-Based Surgeries Achieve Minimum 18 cm Thoracic Height for Patients with Early Onset Scoliosis?
Yehia Elbromboly, Anna McClung, Jennifer  Hurry, Tara Flynn, Charles Johnston, Amer Samdani, Michael Glotzbecker, Children's Spine Study Group, Ron El-Hawary

P10 Outcomes of Surgical Fusion in Congenital Cervical Scoliosis by Magnitude of Correction
Brandon Toll, Amer Samdani, Joshua Pahys, Steven Hwang

P11 Does Pedicle Screw Instrumentation Truly Cause No Negative Effect on Growth of Vertebrae
Jianguo Zhang, Yanbin Zhang

P12 Myelokyphectomy in Spina Bifida: Sagittal Shilla Technique
Adam Margalit, Paul Sponseller

P13 Short-term complications in VEPTR and magnetically controlled growing rods to manage early onset scoliosis
Alejandro Peiro-Garcia, Jonathan Bourget-Murray, Isadora Suarez-Lorenzo, Fabio Ferri-De-Barros, David Parsons

P14 Staged MAGEC rods insertion to manage early onset scoliosis
Alejandro Peiro-Garcia, Jonathan Bourget-Murray, Isadora Suarez-Lorenzo, David Parsons, Fabio Ferri-De-Barros

P15 Outcomes of Syndromic Scoliosis patients treated with magnetically controlled growth rods
Shahnawaz Haleem, David Kieser, Mihai Mardare, Chrishan Thakar, Dominique Rothenfluh, Colin Nnadi

P16 Crankshaft Deformity Following Hemivertebra Excision and Short Segment Fusion in Congenital Scoliosis
Paul Johnson, Antony Kallur Antony, David Michael Bennett

P17 Identification of competing endogenous RNA regulatory networks in vitamin A deficiency-induced congenital scoliosis by transcriptome sequencing analysis
Chong Chen, Jianxiong Shen, Zheng Li, Haining Tan, Tianhua Rong, Xingye Li

P18 Spinal MRI Utilization in Patients with Early-Onset Scoliosis – Review of a Large Multi-Center Database
Anna McClung,  Brendan Williams, Laurel  Blakemore, Suken A. Shah, Jeff Pawelek, Paul Sponseller, Stefan  Parent, John Emans, Peter F. Sturm, Burt Yaszay, Behrooz Akbarnia, Growing Spine Study Group

P19 Intraspinal MRI Abnormalities in Early-Onset Scoliosis – Rates Across a Global Cohort
Anna McClung,  Brendan Williams, Laurel  Blakemore, Suken A. Shah, Jeff Pawelek, Paul Sponseller, Stefan  Parent, John Emans, Peter F. Sturm, Burt Yaszay, Behrooz Akbarnia, Growing Spine Study Group

P20 A Retrospective Audit and Review of Scoliosis in Children and Young People with Ataxia-Telangiectasia
Jeyanthi Rangaraj, Min Tsui Ong, Mohnish Suri, Masood Shafafy, William P Whitehouse

P21 Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods: Game Changer in Early Onset Scoliosis Management?
Senol Bekmez, Ayaz Afandiyev, Ozgur Dede, H. Gokhan Demirkiran, Muharrem Yazici

P22 Growing Rod surgery for Infantile Scoliosis - Revision of 23 cases with 6 years Follow-up
Andreia Nunes, João Campagnolo, Pedro Jordão, Jorge Mineiro

P23 Classification of Early Onset Scoliosis (C-EOS) and MCGR Lengthening Outcomes
Matthew Oetgen, Leah Linfield, Shannon Kelly

P24 The End of Growth Friendly Surgery Is Not Always Friendly. A Review of Graduate Surgery Results
John Heflin, Jessica Morgan, John Smith

P25 Apical Vertebrae Manipulation in Dual Growing Rod Technique --A New Method to Improve and Maintain Major Curve Correction
Jianguo Zhang, Yang Yang